What is the Future Perfect?

The future perfect describes finished actions in the future. It used to project ourselves in an event that will be completed sometime later than now.

When do we use future perfect?

1- Two Actions in the future

We use the future perfect to talk about events in which one will start and continued until another in some point in the future:

  • When we arrive to Istanbul, we will have visited Turkey for the 5th time.
  • She will have finished your project by this time next week.
  • They will have arrived by 8:00.
  • On January the 1st, I’ll have been in this job for 5 years.

2- Before an Unknown Time in the Future

We also use this tense when we talk about actions that will finish before an unknown time in the future. We usually use the word “by”.

  • By the time I’m sixty, I will have retired.
  • Sometime before summer ends, we will be traveling to Germany.
  • By 10 o’clock, I will have finish school.

How do we use future perfect?

To form the future perfect use the following:

Will have + Past participle.

For regular verbs the past participle is: -ed.

For irregular past participles: check irregular verbs table.

The positive forms of the future perfect.

  • I will have finished this book
  • You will have studied the English tenses
  • She will have cooked dinner
  • He will have arrived
  • We will have met Julie
  • It will have stopped raining
  • They will have left Japan

The negative forms of the future perfect.

  • You will not have studied the English tenses
  • She will not have cooked dinner
  • He will not have arrived
  • We will not have met Julie
  • It will not have stopped raining
  • They will not have left Japan

The question forms of the future perfect.

’Yes / no’ questions:

  • will I have finished writing this book?
  • will you have studied all the English verb tenses?
  • will she have graduated?
  • will he have got married?
  • will it have got colder?
  • will we have met your boyfriend?
  • will they have left their jobs?

Ask Future Perfect Questions ’Wh’

  • When will I have finished writing this book?
  • Why will you have studied all the English verb tenses by tomorrow?
  • When will she have been here three weeks?
  • Why will he have got married before June?
  • Why will it have got colder by May?
  • How will we have met your boyfriend by tonight?
  • When will they have left their jobs?
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