Irregular verbs are actually fairly common in the English language, and you will encounter them frequently. We suggest taking some time to read through the list of irregular verbs (below) and also to practice using them in sentences.

There are a few irregular verbs, in particular, that are used very frequently, so it is important to be familiar with them as soon as possible. Those most common irregular verbs – which happen to also be some of the most common words you will use in English – are the following (we have added the simple past form and the past participle form here to illustrate the changes): 

Common Irregular Verbs in English

  • come (came, come)
  • get (got, got)
  • go (went, gone)
  • know (knew, known)
  • make (made, made)
  • say (said, said)
  • see (saw, seen) 
  • take (took, taken)
  • think (thought, thought)

Here are a few examples using these common irregular verbs, including an explanation of each: 

  • Did you take the last box to the moving truck? 
  • took all the others already.
  • We should have taken them all to the truck last night already.

→ Here the irregular verb “take” is in its base form in the first sentence. In the second sentence, we see it in its simple past form “took,” and in the third sentence, it is used in the past participle form “taken.”

  • I need to go to the store this afternoon.
  • went to the farmer’s market in the morning, but the person who sells the best vegetables was already gone by the time I arrived.

→ Here the irregular verb “go” is in its base form in the first sentence. In the second sentence, we see it in its simple past form “went” and in the past participle form “gone.”

  • I hear her say that she likes balloons a lot, so I said to Anthony that we should get some for the party this weekend.

→ Here the irregular verb “say” is in its base form in the first part of sentence, and in the simple past form “said” in the second part of the sentence.

  • Do you know how to make a rocket? I’ve always wanted to try, but I have never made one.

→ Here the irregular verb “make” is in its base form in the first sentence. In the second sentence, we see it in its simple past form “made.”

  • Let’s eat some of these cookies. I ate some last week and found them to be delicious. Hopefully, my brother hasn’t already eaten them all.

→ In this example, the irregular verb eat is in base form. “Ate” is the past simple form of “eat,” and found is the past simple form of “find.” In the third sentence, eat is used in the past participle form “eaten.”

Full Listing of Irregular Verbs

Below we have provided a list of all irregular verbs used in English. The table show the base (or bare infinitive) form, followed by the simple past form and the past participle form for each verb. Becoming familiar with this list will help as you learn to speak and write English more regularly. 

Base FormPast SimplePast Participle 
arisearosearisen
awakeawokeawoken
bewas/werebeen
bearboreborn(e)
beatbeatbeaten
becomebecamebecome
beginbeganbegun
bendbentbent
betbetbet
bindboundbound
bitebitbitten
bleedbledbled
blowblewblown
breakbrokebroken
breedbredbred
bringbroughtbrought
broadcastbroadcastbroadcast
buildbuiltbuilt
burnburnt/burnedburnt/burned
burstburstburst
buyboughtbought
cancouldbeen able
catchcaughtcaught
choosechosechosen
clingclungclung
comecamecome
costcostcost
creepcreptcrept
cutcutcut
dealdealtdealt
digdugdug
dodiddone
drawdrewdrawn
dreamdreamt/dreameddreamt/dreamed
drinkdrankdrunk
drivedrovedriven
eatateeaten
fallfellfallen
feedfedfed
feelfeltfelt
fightfoughtfought
findfoundfound
flyflewflown
forbidforbadeforbidden
forgetforgotforgotten
forgiveforgaveforgiven
freezefrozefrozen
getgotgot
givegavegiven
gowentgone
grindgroundground
growgrewgrown
hanghunghung
havehadhad
hearheardheard
hidehidhidden
hithithit
holdheldheld
hurthurthurt
keepkeptkept
kneelkneltknelt
knowknewknown
laylaidlaid
leadledled
leanleant/leanedleant/leaned
learnlearnt/learnedlearnt/learned
leaveleftleft
lendlentlent
lie (in bed)laylain
lie (to not tell the truth)liedlied
lightlit/lightedlit/lighted
loselostlost
makemademade
maymightmight
meanmeantmeant
meetmetmet
mowmowedmown/mowed
musthad tohad to
overtakeovertookovertaken
paypaidpaid
putputput
readreadread
rideroderidden
ringrangrung
riseroserisen
runranrun
sawsawedsawn/sawed
saysaidsaid
seesawseen
sellsoldsold
sendsentsent
setsetset
sewsewedsewn/sewed
shakeshookshaken
shallshouldshould
shedshedshed
shineshoneshone
shootshotshot
showshowedshown
shrinkshrankshrunk
shutshutshut
singsasangwsung
sinksanksunk
sitsatsat
sleepsleptslept
slideslidslid
smellsmeltsmelt
sowsowedsown/sowed
speakspokespoken
spellspelt/spelledspelt/spelled
spendspentspent
spillspilt/spilledspilt/spilled
spitspatspat
spreadspreadspread
standstoodstood
stealstolestolen
stickstuckstung
stinkstankstunk
strikestruckstruck
swearsworesworn
sweepsweptswept
swellswelledswollen/swelled
swimswamswum
swingswungswung
taketooktaken
teachtaughttaught
teartoretorn
telltoldtold
thinkthoughtthought
throwthrewthrown
understandunderstoodunderstood
wakewokewoken
wearworeworn
weepweptwept
willwouldwould
winwonwon
windwoundwound
writewrotewritten
Share this post